An identity card for aliens shall be issued to an alien who has been granted temporary or permanent stay and who is 12 years of age or older.
The Aliens Act lays down that aliens may work in the Republic of Croatia pursuant to a stay and work permit or a work registration certificate, unless provided for otherwise by the said Act.
A stay and work permit is a single permit which allows aliens to temporarily stay and work in the Republic of Croatia. A stay and work permit shall be issued by a competent police administration / police station in a form of a decision.
A stay and work permit shall be issued on the basis of an annual quota and outside the annual quota.
The decision on the annual quota of work permits shall be made by the Government of the Republic of Croatia and shall be published in the Croatian Official Gazette. The Decision on the annual quota of work permits for the employment of aliens in 2013 was published in the Croatian Official Gazette No 144/12.
Aliens without a stay and work permit or a work registration certificate may work in the Republic of Croatia only if they have been granted:
A stay and work permit outside the annual quota
(A.)Pursuant to Article 76 of the Aliens Act, a stay and work permit outside the annual quota may be issued to the following categories of aliens:
1. daily migrant workers under the condition of reciprocity,
2. key personnel, providers of services, workers and their family members, whose status has been regulated by the Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States and the Republic of Croatia (refers to EU nationals),
3. aliens performing key activities in companies, branch offices and representative offices,
4. aliens transferred as part of internal staff transfers within companies and other indispensable personnel, as defined by the Protocol on the Accession of the Republic of Croatia to the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organisation,
5. aliens who are self-employed in a company they own or in a company in which they hold a share of more than 51% or in their own trade,
6. workers who provide services on behalf or for a foreign employer not entitled to the right of establishment in an EEA Member State (a foreign employer has been registered in a country other than EEA Member State, e.g. Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Russian Federation etc.),
7. teachers and lecturers who do their teaching at educational institutions in the language and script of national minorities,
8. professional athletes or sports workers working in the Republic of Croatia,
9. artists working at cultural institutions in the Republic of Croatia,
10. aliens who take up employment with foreign associations registered as a foreign association in the Republic of Croatia and at least three other countries,
11. aliens who are members of the trust bodies of the representative offices of foreign trusts and foundations registered in the Register of the Representative Offices of Foreign Trusts and Foundations in the Republic of Croatia,
12. aliens working further to youth mobility programmes being carried out by the Republic of Croatia in cooperation with other countries,
13. scientific researchers and aliens employed for scientific, scientific teaching or other research positions in legal persons in the scientific domain,
14. university professors - native speakers of foreign languages, foreign language instructors and other lecturers invited by Croatian universities or registered foreign language schools,
15. aliens working pursuant to an international treaty, other than the treaty referred to in Article 79, paragraph 1, item 2 of the Aliens Act.
(B.)The said categories of aliens may be granted a stay and work permit outside the annual quota if they meet the criteria for temporary stay and if they provide the following:
(C.) A stay and work permit may be issued to aliens referred to in Article 76, paragraph 1, item 3 of the Aliens Act, who are to perform key activities in a company, branch office or representative office, if they meet the criteria referred to in item (B.) and if:
(D.) If there are several aliens referred to in Article 76, paragraph 1, item 3 of the Aliens Act performing key activities for the same employer, a stay and work permit may be issued if they meet the criteria referred to in item (B.) and if:
(E.) Aliens referred to in Article 76, paragraph 1, item 5 of this Act, who are to be self-employed in their own company or in a company in which they hold a share of more than 51%, or in their own trade, may be issued a stay and work permit if they meet the criteria referred to in item (B.) and if:
(F.) Aliens - providers of services referred to in Article 76, paragraph 1, item 6 of the Aliens Act may be issued a stay and work permit if they meet the criteria referred to in item (B.) and if the service provider is employed with a foreign employer and has adequate qualifications, and the foreign employer has concluded a contract with a company or trade in the Republic of Croatia, provided that the services concerned involve specific services in the area of high technology and that the provision of such services is in the interest of the Republic of Croatia.
Nationals of the EU Member States do not have to meet the criteria referred to in items (C.), (D.) and (E.).
(G.) Pursuant to Article 79, a stay and work permit outside the annual quota may be granted to aliens who meet the prerequisites for temporary stay and:
Pursuant to the Administrative Fees Act (Croatian Official Gazette No 8/96, 77/96, 95/97, 131/97, 68/98, 66/99, 145/99, 116/00, 163/03, 17/04, 110/04, 141/04, 150/05, 153/05, 129/06, 117/07, 25/08, 60/08, 20/10, 69/10, 126/11 and 112/12), if an application has been submitted at a police administration / police station, an administrative fee in the amount of 20 HRK shall be paid for the application, and 500 HRK shall be paid for the issuance of a temporary residence permit, 900 HRK for a permanent residence permit, 150 HRK for a work registration certificate and 800 HRK for a residence and work permit.
If an application for a temporary residence permit has been submitted at a diplomatic mission or a consular post, a consular fee in the amount of 520 HRK shall be paid (Tariff number 78.a. of the Administrative Fees Act).
No fees shall be paid for the registration or cancellation of permanent or temporary residence, or for the change of address at a police administration / police station.
Application forms for permanent and temporary residence, residence and work permit and registration / cancellation of permanent or temporary residence or change of address can also be printed from the Internet site of our Ministry (link: http://www.mup.hr/main.aspx?id=47).
Based on a work registration certificate, the following categories of aliens may work for the period of up to 90 days a year:
The above said categories of aliens referred to in items 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 who intend to stay and work in the Republic of Croatia for a period longer than 90 days may be issued a stay and work permit outside the annual quota provided that they meet the prerequisites for temporary stay.
Based on a work registration certificate, the following categories of aliens may work up to 60 days a year:
Based on a work registration certificate, the following categories of aliens may work up to 30 days a year:
IMPORTANT: Aliens or legal and natural persons who will be using their services shall obtain a work registration certificate at a competent police administration or police station according to the location of their work, prior to having started working.
Based on a work registration certificate, aliens may work for the same employer or service recipient throughout the territory of the Republic of Croatia.
A legal or natural person employing or using the services of the above said aliens shall have an appropriate contract or other relevant document signed with the alien or foreign employer deploying the alien to work in the Republic of Croatia.
No letter of attorney is needed for the issuance of a work registration certificate.
In case of a traffic accident involving vehicles with foreign number plates, the police officer who has been investigating the accident is obliged to issue to the owner of the vehicle the Damage Certificate for the vehicle. This Certificate is needed for the crossing of the state border. The police station in whose territory a traffic accident has occurred does not automatically provide a foreign national involved in the accident with any kinds of documents but will deliver them upon a written request.
Visa serves as an approval for:
Types of visas are:
On grounds of the visa, an alien may work in the territory of the Republic of Croatia.
The Visa Regime for the Republic of Croatia is laid down by the Visa System Regulation („Official Gazette” No 41/08, 56/09, 153/09 i 148/10) which is on the basis of Article 11(3) and Article 230 of the Aliens Act („Official Gazette“ No 130/11) adopted by the Government of the Republic of Croatia upon the proposal of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs being the central body of the government administration dealing the visa issues.
The Regulation contains a list of countries whose nationals need a visa to enter the Republic of Croatia and for their stay there for the period of up to 90 days as well as for the crossing of the territory of the Republic of Croatia. The Regulation also contains another list of the countries whose nationals may enter the Republic of Croatia on a valid travel document and without a visa.
The Regulation also provides for the amount of financial assets aliens have to possess for the purposes of subsistence in the Republic of Croatia and their return to the country from which they arrived, or for the journey to a third country.
The visa is issued by the Republic of Croatia diplomatic missions or consular posts abroad, or a consular post of another country with which the Republic of Croatia has concluded an agreement on the representation for the purpose of the issuance of visas.
The request for the visa shall be filed on a proper form maximally 3 months before the intended journey.
An alien entered into the travel document of the alien applying for a visa shall apply for a visa on a separate form.
An alien arriving for paying a private or business visit to a natural or legal person in the Republic of Croatia may be asked to attach a pledge certificate or some other kind of proof that this natural or legal person shall bear the costs for his/her stay in the Republic of Croatia, including the costs of accommodation and subsistence as well as the departure from the Republic of Croatia.
An alien applying for a short term visa for ONE or TWO entries should be able to prove to be a holder of a valid JOURNEY HEALTH INSURANCE and an alien applying for a short term visa for a MULTIPLE entry should be able to prove to be a holder of a valid journey health insurance covering the time of his/her FIRST intended visit. He/she should also SIGN A STATEMENT OF THE OBLIGATION OF POSSESSION OF THE JOURNEY HEALTH INSURANCE FOR LATER VISITS.
The visa application form, the form of the pledge certificate granted by a natural or a legal person as well as the Statement on the obligatory possession of a journey health insurance for later visits may be downloaded from the web site of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.
Exceptionally, visas may be issued by the authorities responsible for the control of the crossing of the state border in cases when aliens were not able to apply for visas at a Croatian diplomatic mission or a consular post in advance. In such cases aliens have to enclose to the application the documents proving the unexpected and binding reasons for the entry to the Republic of Croatia.
Aliens staying in the Republic of Croatia on grounds of the visa may not extend it again, as a rule. The period of validity of the visa or the duration of stay may be exceptionally extended on account of the force majeure, humanitarian reasons or some serious personal reasons.
Note: even in case of the extension of visa, aliens MAY NOT stay in the Republic of Croatia for longer than 90 days in a six-months period, starting from the day of the first entry.
The validity period or the duration of stay granted on the basis of the issued visa shall be extended on account of:
The Request for extension shall be filed with a police administration/station, according to the place of stay of an alien, before the time of expiry of the current visa. The Request shall be processed by the Ministry of the Interior.
Aliens may stay in the Republic of Croatia until the moment of the reaching of the decision upon the Request.
Aliens shall get, on a proper form, the decision on the refusal, cancellation or revocation of a visa with the reasons stated. Aliens have the right to appeal against the decision through a competent diplomatic mission or a consular post of the Republic of Croatia. The visa may be also revoked upon the request by an alien who was issued the visa in question. In such a case the decision is not appealable. The appeal shall be decided by the Appeals Commission at the Ministry responsible for foreign affairs.
The Government of the Republic of Croatia, at its session of 7 December 2011, has adopted a Decision on the Interim Facilitated Entry of Aliens to the Republic of Croatia on the basis of a valid Schengen residence permit and a visa.
Aliens being the holders of:
do not have to possess temporarily a visa for the entry to the Republic of Croatia and a short-term stay, or for the purpose of the crossing of the territory of the Republic of Croatia.
The above mentioned Schengen residence permit and visa has to be valid also at the moment of leaving the Republic of Croatia. The facilitated entry of aliens shall be applied from 1 January to 31 December 2012.
A visa may be issued exceptionally at certain border crossing points intended for international traffic:
At the border crossing points a travel visa is issued only for one entry and a transit visa for one transit. It is charged 520,00 HRK.
The Asylum Act, which entered into force on 1 January 2008, and was amended in 2010, lays down the principles, requirements and procedures for granting asylum, subsidiary protection and temporary protection, the status, rights and obligations of asylum seekers, asylum holders, aliens under subsidiary protection, aliens under temporary protection, and requirements and procedure for the cancellation and termination of asylum status, subsidiary and temporary protection.
Pursuant to the said Act it shall be considered that:
Aliens shall apply for asylum at the Reception Centre for Asylum Seekers, Sisačka 3, 44 320 Kutina. Aliens may express their intention to apply for asylum:
Aliens who have entered the Republic of Croatia illegally, arriving directly from the territory where they suffered persecution within the meaning of the Geneva Convention and where there is actual danger that they might be exposed to serious injustice upon returning to their country of origin, shall not be punished for illegal entry or stay if they, without any delay, apply for asylum and produce valid reasons for their illegal entry or stay.
The Ministry of the Interior, Department for Aliens and Asylum shall decide on asylum applications in the first instance.
The Commission for Asylum shall decide on appeals against the decision of the Ministry of the Interior in the second instance.
The administrative dispute against the Commission’s decision may be initiated before the Administrative Court of the Republic of Croatia. However, such an appeal shall not stop the decision from being executory.
Asylum seekers are accommodated at the Reception Centre for Asylum Seekers where they are provided with appropriate living conditions – accommodation, food, clothes and basic toiletries. Besides, they are entitled to a pecuniary aid, in case they are not employed, if they possess some financial resources or if they are provided with any other kind of financial means. If asylum seekers possess their own financial means, they may reside at any other address in the Republic of Croatia subject to prior approval by the Ministry of the Interior.
Apart from this, asylum seekers are entitled to:
Asylum seekers have the right of stay in the Republic of Croatia from the day they have applied for asylum until the moment of concluding the proceedings enabling them to move throughout the territory of the Republic of Croatia except in cases laid down by law when their movement may be restricted. After applying for asylum, the asylum seekers will be issued an identity card that will serve as a proof of their stay in the Republic of Croatia.
Asylum seekers are obliged to:
Asylum and subsidiary protection
Asylum shall be granted to aliens who enclose to their application all the necessary documents and who present true arguments of their being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, affiliation to a particular social group or political opinion. Subsidiary protection is the protection granted to aliens who do not fulfil the asylum requirements and who enclose all the available documents and present true arguments showing that there is reason to believe that by returning to their country of origin they would be exposed to serious injustice (like death penalty, execution, torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, serious and personal threat to life owing to arbitrary violence in international and domestic conflicts).
When aliens are granted asylum or subsidiary protection in in the Republic of Croatia, they are entitled to stay and accommodation not longer than 2 years following the date of the enforceability of the decision granting them a right to asylum or subsidiary protection.
Apart from that, asylum holders or aliens under subsidiary protection are entitled to:
A family member of an asylum holder or an alien under subsidiary protection staying legally in the Republic of Croatia shall be entitled to the same rights as an asylum holder or an alien under subsidiary protection.
Asylum holders and aliens under subsidiary protection are obliged to:
Temporary protection shall be granted to aliens in the event of their mass influx into the Republic of Croatia from a country in which, due to a war or a war-like state, general violence or internal conflicts, human rights have been violated, in cases when their country of origin is not willing or is able to protect them, and in case when, due to a large number of persons, the asylum procedure cannot be carried out efficiently and for the benefit of all the individuals seeking protection.
The Government of the Republic of Croatia shall decide on the necessity of granting temporary protection, as well as on the suspension of the prerequisites for granting temporary protection.
Aliens shall be granted temporary protection if:
Temporary protection shall be granted by the Ministry for a period of one year.
Temporary protection may be extended for six months if there exit valid reasons for it, but it can be granted for no longer than three years in total.
Aliens under temporary protection are entitled to:
Aliens who apply for asylum while under temporary protection are not entitled to asylum seekers’ rights in the course of their being under temporary protection.
The obligations prescribed for asylum seekers shall be applied to aliens under temporary protection accordingly.